Kalamegha (Andrographis paniculata) is an ayurvedic herb used to treat liver disease, skin disease, loss of appetite, fever and blood purification. Paniculata is administered in doses of 20-30 ml to treat fever, hepatitis and jaundice. The cold infusion of Paniculata is administered as a dose of 40-50 ml to treat impurities in the blood and used as a blood purifier. [Sources: 5]
It is used to treat high blood pressure, bronchitis, diabetes, ulcers, indigestion and flatulence. In ancient times, Nilavembu (A. paniculata) was used as a traditional medicine for various ailments in the Siddha Ayurvedic system of medicine, tribal medicine, unani, homeopathy and traditional Chinese medicine. According to ancient Chinese medicine, the plant is chuanxinlian (Chinese for cold nature) and is used to extract heat from the blood and kidney passages. [Sources: 4]
Nilavembu, also known as Siriyanangai or Siddha, is an herb used for its antipyretic, bitter, digestive, cholagogic, hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Nila vembu (neem ground) Andrographis has a strong bitter taste like that of the neem tree and defies its small size. [Sources: 4, 10]
It is useful in treatment of intermittent fever, malaria, chronic fever, dengue and chikungunya disease where fever is the main symptom. Nilavembu is a herbal tonic that consists of herbs to strengthen immunity and support the overall health of the body.
[Sources: 2, 10]
Nilavembu kashayam Benefits Description Helps control blood sugar levels, arthritis, liver disease, cancer, helps control blood sugar levels, which is useful for people with diabetes. Herbal tonics made from herbs that help to strengthen immunity and support the overall health of the body have been used in Siddha medicine since time immemorial and are considered helpful for fever, headaches, body aches and fatigue. The Indian Ministry of Ayush Govt recommends 60ml of Nilavembus a day as a brew in difficult times such as a pandemic. [Sources: 2]
Scientific studies have shown that the administration of Nilavembu, a botanical Andrographis paniculata and its chemical component andrographolide, can contribute to the treatment of dengue.
Nilavembu kudineer is an herbal medicine consisting of equal parts of nine ingredients. As Tamil Nadu grapples with dengue outbreaks, controversy has grown over the use of the herbal medicine Nilavembus (kudineers) to prevent and treat the disease. However, the state government has endorsed the use of the herbal medicine to combat fever, including dengue, to improve immunity. [Sources: 7]
The main ingredient of the drug is Nilavembu (Andrographis), a small plant believed to have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, as well as several other health benefits. Famous as the “king of bitter substances,” it is such a Siddha herb with innumerable immune-strengthening properties, has antipyretic, digestive and hepatoprotective (anti-inflammatory) effects and is used as a traditional remedy for various diseases in Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, Unani, homeopathy, Chinese remedies and tribal medicine. Also known as Kalmegh in Hindi, it is the ultimate remedy for treating various types of intermittent fever that occur in diseases such as malaria, dengue, chronic fever and chikungunya. [Sources: 3, 7]
Nilavembu is safe for most people to use for its indication in dosha analysis under the supervision of a physician. It does not increase the vata dosha because of its hot potency and it can be used to relieve pain together with other vata to soothe herbs. There are no side effects when used in patients with dominance of Kapha Dosha or Sama Pitta Dosha. [Sources: 10]
Previous studies have shown that paniculata, an herb used in cooking, can cause sperm counts to decline in rats. A report in the Times of India states that studies have shown that Nilavembu and Kudineer can reduce fertility. [Sources: 9]
The bitter herb not only plays a crucial role in lowering blood cholesterol levels, but also dilates blood vessels, normalizes blood flow and controls high blood pressure. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre, which conducted research on the plant, warns against taking it as one of the chemotherapy drugs or hypotensive drugs. Due to its highly inflammatory nature, it strengthens the heart muscle, prevents lipids from accumulating in it and reduces the risk of heart attacks, heart blockages and blood clots. [Sources: 3, 9]
This herb is found in the Philippines, Hong Kong, Thailand, Brunei, Singapore and other parts of Asia where it is not native. It is an introduced species in North India, Java, Malaysia, Indonesia, West India and America.
Chireta andographis paniculata is a tropical or subtropical plant known for its bitter taste and greenery. It is found in Asia mainly in Australia, India, Laos and in the northeast of India. [Sources: 0, 8]
The roots and leaves are used to reduce fever, tighten the stomach, increase appetite and improve health. It has been found that powdered leaves have the ability to relieve the cold by shortening its duration. Leaves and roots are used to treat stomach pain, dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera, flu and bronchitis. [Sources: 0]
In the present study, we investigated the interaction between the active ingredients of 10 different medicinal plants of Indian origin, which are used to treat colds and respiratory diseases through molecular docking analyses. In the current scenario of COVID-19 patients with severe respiratory syndrome, it was assumed in this study that these medicinal plants probably have beneficial effects against Covid-19 infection. [Sources: 6]
The active ingredients of 10 different medicinal plants of Indian origin, commonly used to treat colds and respiratory diseases, reportedly have antiviral activity against a large group of viruses.
Phytomolecules and components of NKC of the above mentioned medicinal plants were investigated at two important viral targets (spike glycoprotein protease and host target human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor) and the entry points of viral encounters for the prospect of identifying potential drug candidates for COVID19 infections. [Sources: 6]